Washington, DC’s Consumer Protection Procedures Act allows plaintiffs to recover “treble damages, or $1,500 per violation, whichever is greater” for a broad range of trade related violations, including false advertising, breach of warranty, and false representations regarding repairs. Because CPPA cases involve consumer goods and services that are typically inexpensive, $1,500 is almost always the greater amount, meaning that costly penalties can be racked up for fairly cheap items.

But what does “per violation” mean? The statute does not define the term, producing uncertainty as to how much many CPPA cases are actually worth.

For example, if a person … Continue Reading